The disease has also become subject to many controversies involving religion. Some people also develop opportunistic infections at this stage. Aids affect different segments of society in different ways, for example children may have to look after their sick parents, and this will affect the children educationally.
It is harder for these children to access adequate nutrition, basic health care and housing. The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks.
They are also regarded as preferable that they should not show themselves to be well-versed in sexual matters.
Programs encouraging sexual abstinence do not appear to affect subsequent HIV risk. Comprehensive sexual education provided at school may decrease high risk behavior. There is a shortage of labour in the agriculture sector because many people in the rural areas when they are infected they will not be able to work which can lead to a decrease in food production.
There is a stigma and discrimination attached to people with Aids. This causes the house hold per capita income to fall and increases the poverty rates.
Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea may occur, as may neurological symptoms of peripheral neuropathy or Guillain-Barre syndrome. These different sexual expectations put strong pressure on young people.
In conclusion i can say that there is a progress in slowing down the spread of the HIV infection due to the commitment and involvement of governments, NGOS and people.
It is taken for granted in many societies that boys should have many girlfriends, whereas a girl should stick to one boy. They do not have the power to negotiate sex or the circumstances of sex.
This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. If replacement feeding is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable and safe, mothers should avoid breast-feeding their infants, however exclusive breast-feeding is recommended during the first months of life if this is not the case.
In many cultures it is seen as male prestige to have many sexual partners and to have sexual experience. President Thabo Mbeki disapproved the use of antiretroviral to prevent mother-to-child transmission on the grounds and in contrast to existing scientific evidence that their efficiency had not been established.
HIV is transmitted by three main routes: There are three main stages of HIV infection: Many rural families when they become sick or when they abandon their land, the land becomes degradable and unproductive. By contrast, use of the spermicide nonoxynol-9 may increase the risk of transmission due to its tendency to cause vaginal and rectal irritation.
There is some evidence to suggest that female protection may provide an equivalent level of protection.
If exclusive breast feeding is carried out, the provision of extended antiretroviral prophylaxis to the infant decreases the risk of transmission. Many people who are infected are taking their antiretroviral drugs and are being taught of prevention measures. Further trials of the RV vaccine are on-going.
Their male partners are normally older and more sexually experienced. There is no risk of acquiring HIV if exposed to feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, or vomit unless these are contaminated with blood.
Women are stigmatised and sometimes abandoned by their husbands and families. HIV positive persons are in many places the subject of prejudice and discrimination because of ignorance about routes of transmission and because of moral judgements risk behaviours.
Many people have fear of being tested because they will be stigmatized by their families and community. Signs, Symptoms and Prevention Article shared by: Across Africa male partners have been found to be on average six years older than the women with whom they have intercourse.
Individuals with Aids may experience discrimination among the people or community they are associated with and have the potential to be rejected from their community.Sub-Saharan Africa is by far the region worst affected by HIV and Aids, according to the World Health Organization's latest report on the disease/5(9).
AIDS in Africa - AIDS In Africa HIV-AIDS has infected over thirty million people in the world. Over 95% of all AIDS cases in the world are in Africa and in some of those countries over 40% of the people are infected (Frederickson and Kanabus HIV and AIDS in Africa 1).
Sub-Saharan Africa is the region of the world that is most affected by HIV/AIDS. The United Nations reports that an estimated million people are living with HIV and that approximately million new infections occurred in Essay on HIV/AIDS: Signs, Symptoms and Prevention!
Human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of.
Essay on South Africa. South Africa is a country that is rich in cultures, values and customs that have been a part of our lively hood for hundreds of years.
the impacts of hiv/aids on the social, cultural, political and environmental development of africa. The HIV/AIDS epidemic can be described as a natural disaster across the whole continent.
It can be declared as an emergency in Africa because it has reached unprecedented proportions.Download